Organizational aspects of development and implementation of information learning systems
Table of contents: The Kazakh-American Free University Academic Journal №3 - 2011
Author: Chettykbayev Ruslan , Kazakh-American Free University, Kazakhstan
At the end of the twentieth century and at the beginning of the
twenty first century scientific and technical progress conditioned by
informational and communicational technologies (ICT) onrush caused a number of
new logical tendencies in all areas of life. The process of informatization of
education which can be considered as a line of socialization and human
development under conditions of modern scientific technical revolution is very
important for the modern society. It is significant for higher education system
because generally the improvement of professional education is carried out
through the individual experience of a particular educator. Meanwhile,
particular methods do not consider sociology, psychology, age physiology and
management theory achievements at a proper level. At the same time, the
didactics and private methodology developing content, objects and methods of
professional education should reflect the basic achievements in the field of
modern information science (Beshen-kov A.S., Kozlov O.A., Kuznetsov A.A.,
Lapchik M.P., Matrossov V.D., Henner Ye. K. and others) and professional education
computerization (Polyakov V.A., Panyukva S.V., Robert I.V., Sofronova N.V and
others). The achievements of such sciences as general management theory,
computer sciences, logics and psychology turned out to be unclaimed in the
practice of higher education system. At the same time, the abilities of
computer science methods, activity approach and management theory under
conditions of wide usage of ICT facilities in professional education are not
studied in full.
Modern information technologies provide students with access to
non-traditional courses of information, increase the efficiency of unsupervised
work, give new opportunities for creative work and consolidation of different
professional skills, and allow implementing new forms and methods of education
using mathematical simulation of the phenomenon and processes.
Informational technologies of education provide a teacher with an
opportunity to apply both particular types of educational work and their
complex for achievement of the didactic goals, thereby creating educational
environment. Teacher-orientated tools allow updating the content of the
automated education programs according to the modern knowledge and technology
Development and implementation of informational technologies into
the educational process of higher education system are carried out according to
the state scientific and technical programs that are executed by the
educational institutions, regional centers of informatization and research
organizations dealing with educational problems and new information
Under conditions of a drastic shortage of resources and means during
the process of developing scientific and technical programs for information
technologies growth, it is useful to set the following priorities:
• Usage of information technologies in educational purposes;
• Usage of programs that can be widely applied in the educational
process, e.g. courses taking a considerable part of the schedule: disciplines
of the basic educational cycle (natural scientific, humanist, socioeconomic,
• Implementation of projects provided with program-methodical
complexes that are very important for disciplines regarding scientific,
technical and methodical base changes;
• Conducting Research projects aimed at scientific support and
methodological provision with information supply of education.
The following problems were appointed as the main tasks of information
support of education:
• Providing all higher education institutions of Kazakhstan with Internet access on the basis of development of their own telecommunication
• Development of the uniform system of informational resources based
on WWW-technologies and databases with remote access;
• Creation of a new generation of the intellectual
program-instrumental development environments of teaching computer programs,
designing and scientific researches automation systems;
• Target development of the program-methodological complexes in
different disciplines of a study plan;
• Development of liberal education information support;
• Further improvement of information technologies of distance
education and their implementation in practical projects (on a priority basis
• Development of electronic textbooks including textbooks for distance
• Creation of normative legal support basis of the program products,
developed for computer maintenance of the educational process;
• Wide implementation of open-ended system technologies during development
of computer teaching programs and systems of scientific researches automation.
One of the most important components of information system in
education is development and implementation of the state informational
technologies of knowledge testing at all levels of educational system.
Telecommunication technologies give new possibilities for students
and teachers. Scientific research has shown that computer networks actualize
need of a student to be a member of a social community. The increase of
interest to study and consequently a general increase of study progress were
mentioned. International telecommunication projects spread all over the world.
With the use of new informational technologies the interregional and
international competitions are carried out.
Computer-aided training courses are developing in educational system
very fast. Such courses include programs, methodological and study materials
(slides, handouts, audio, video materials, etc.) that are necessary for
different types of educational process.
Nowadays there is a tendency to develop and use the integrated
systems supporting different information components such as texts, dialogs,
image data including analytical and imitation models of explored objects and
phenomenon, databases and expertise, support system of defined professional
actions implementation: scientific and engineering calculations, computer-aided
The experience of long-term existence of higher education
institutions has shown that individual education is the most popular type of
long professional education, but its main limitation factor is time. In a
system of professional development and retraining a time factor mainly appears
in a mismatch of the term needs of a specialist in studying facilities with declared
schedule in an educational institution. The other important side of the problem
is a content of study programs that do not take into consideration the
individual requirements of potential students.
Thereby, the research of alternative ways of education
individualization is still an actual problem.
Qualitatively new possibility of a self-preparation and improvement
of professional knowledge offer new informational education technologies at a
distance (distance education) using local and global networks, CDs, videos,
television cable casting and satellite broadcasting.
As opposed to traditionally organized courses of resident education
and nonresident education, usage of informational technologies allows educating
directly from the workplace which in case of proper organization allows
personalizing this process and provides with necessary time for education
without any interruptions during your work.
The conception of computer education is based on the principles of
learning process autonomy (self-education). Its implementation assumes a new
combination of studying and controlling programs with developed component of
mutual moral responsibility of teachers and students. The autonomy in the
educational process supposes not only higher educational institutions
independence, but also a right of students to choose an individual educational
directions within the scope of multilevel educational system.
4. Specialists training at the field of new informational
Nowadays there is a lack of specialists in the field of new
informational technologies. Especially it concerns modern technologies for work
with information in local and global computer networks. At the same time, since
foreign market of electronic communication and information develops more
dynamically, it is necessary to expect the development of these tendencies in
our country that can increase a gap between supply and demand on the
specialists of appropriate specialization.
A lack of specialists aggravated by the processes of their switching
from higher schools to business and other corporations may become an obstacle
for creation of the uniform system of informational recourses of education. In
addition, there is a risk that created system will be used insufficiently
because of low level of potential users training. Thus, we can distinguish two
1. To increase the capacity and level of training specialists in
creation of modern informational recourses;
2. To improve the preparation quality of specialists in using modern
The solution to these problems requires training narrow specialists,
developing appropriate programs, educational and methodological literature and
improvement of study process quality. For example, it is necessary to organize
training of qualified administrators and postmasters for the endpoint and
reference nodes of computer networks, for information and communication nodes
of higher educational institutions and other organizations.
The usage of new informational technologies is restrained by their
inefficient active distribution among potential users, such as teachers,
scientists and management personnel of the institution of higher education that
sometimes hardly imagine capabilities of teleconferences, post and files
servers, and modern technologies for information searching. This problem
requires training and re-training the university personnel using all forms of
There are basic directions that were formulated with a glance of
examined basic principles of the information support of education process:
1. Conception of the education information support process
development (including usage of computer technologies in every department).
2. Development and creation of information network with a purpose of
providing all students with access to networks recourses of the university and
• formation of Internet class providing students who do not have
their own modern computers and teachers and researchers with access to the
Internet from their workplaces;
• development of the University Internet Center; organization of
open access classes;
• organization and regular conduct of courses and seminars regarding
work with new network products (initially for teachers);
• expansion, development and continuous support of WWW-server of the
university; creation of WWW-servers of departments; creations of educational
• formation, development and continuous support of department
• formation and support of distributive databases in different
enterprises and in different academic subjects.
3. Development and implementation of teaching and methodological
software for teaching new informational technologies:
• development of computer-aided courses; formation of a
technological database for development of electronic and video courses;
monitoring, analysis and implementation of modern program products and
technologies for developing computer-aided training courses;
• development of the replication, distribution and support of
computer-aided training courses; creation of educational video library;
• certification and quality assessment of software tools of training
4. Accounting organization of teaching courses requiring computer
methods of teaching, searching for software tools for education in Kazakhstan
and abroad, preparation of recommendations about acquisition of specific
packages; a preliminary analysis of suggested systems quality.
5. Initiation of
testing center. Organization of students and school students line testing using
computer technologies; development and approbation of new testing methods.
6. Development of distance education system:
• Development of the Concept of Distant Education System on the
basis of a university;
• Initiation of a specialized computer class for distance education
equipped with multimedia assets and a video class (due to these classes
formation, education methods efficiency would be tested. Also it will give an
opportunity to implement experimental maintenance of the developed programs
and methodological provision of courses, demonstrating various educational
technologies capabilities, peculiarities of educational process and
methodological and scientific seminars holding);
• Development of informational networks for distance education for
correction or addition of individual or general educational programs;
organization of access to Kazakhstan and foreign educational databases.
7. Improvement of information technology specialists training:
• improvement of instructional plans and programs in computer
science (examination and practical mastering of network technologies);
• training and retraining of teachers;
• expansion and intensification of interaction between Informational Technologies Center and departments;
• organization of Education Center using new (network) informational
• creation of specialized laboratory for highly skilled specialist
training in the field of modern information technologies.
Implementation of the directions mentioned above would practically
ensure the activation of scientific and technical recourses usage by university
graduates as the main source of revival and progress of the country.
Consequently, implementation of these principles would efficiently assist the
dynamic increase of economic potential and social prosperity of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
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Table of contents: The Kazakh-American Free University Academic Journal №3 - 2011