Human competitiveness as a factor of success of the nation

Table of contents: The Kazakh-American Free University Academic Journal №10 - 2018

Authors:
Trofimova Yulia, Kazakh American Free University, Kazakhstan
Bogorodskaya Oksana, Kazakh American Free University, Kazakhstan

As the Head of State notes in his message, Kazakhstan has entered the path of a new historical period. Our president announced the beginning of the Third Modernization of Kazakhstan in his message. The most important task on the way to Kazakhstan's modernization is modernization of the economy, and the main goal is to enter the top thirty of the developed countries of the world. Typically, the modernization process has intelligible goals, objectives, priorities and methods for achieving them, but the most important criterion to be taken into account, and which should be directed to the maximum extent possible, is the modernization of public consciousness. The idea of modernization, conceived by Nursultan Nazarbayev, requires large-scale reforms and changes in all spheres of life. Therefore, one of the following necessary steps taken by the President was the creation of the National Commission for the implementation of the program for the modernization of the consciousness of the population, which included experienced civil servants and public figures able to implement the goals set in the program. The establishment of the National Commission speaks of the considerable importance, responsibility and significance of the task of modernization. It should be noted that the authoritative composition of experts of this kind we can observe for the first time in the history of independent Kazakhstan, which indicates the aspiration to cover absolutely all spheres of society's life [1].

It is likely that the desire to modernize public consciousness is the main ideological course for the next many years.

Our President notes that the main condition for the new modernization is the preservation of its Kazakh cultural heritage and its traditions. Modernization of the old, to some extent, "high" view of the traditions of the Kazakh people, the new modernization should go the opposite way. This way is to use the historical experience of our ancestors as a prerequisite for the success of the latest modernization. Modernization will not penetrate deeply into the public national consciousness without the support of national roots. It is impossible to modernize the consciousness of the population of the state without inculcating respect for the cultural heritage of their homeland and their ancestors. The people of Kazakhstan would like to see that Kazakhstan is known in the world, not only rich in mineral resources and great friendliness to other countries, but also becomes famous for its unique history and cultural heritage, and, most importantly, for its people's respect for the valuable past of the country [2].

It should be noted that during the years of Kazakhstan's independence, the state has adopted and implemented a number of major programs.

The program "Madeni mura" has been implemented since 2004. It was aimed at the reconstruction of historical and cultural monuments and objects in the territory of Kazakhstan.

The program "Halyk Tarih Tolkynynda" was implemented in 2013. This program, in turn, allows systematically focusing and studying documentation from the world's leading archives, dedicated to the history of our country.

And today we must start an even more fundamental work, the Head of State says. Therefore, President Nursultan Na-zarbayev has decided to modernize public consciousness in order to become a united nation of independent, strong and respected people [3].

Public modernization is a platform that connects the horizons of the past, present and future of our people. The most important mission of spiritual modernization is the agreement of various aspects of national identity. Proceeding from the conclusions, Nursultan Nazarbayev singled out several areas of modernization of consciousness as a separate member, and in the whole of society as a whole:

1. Competitiveness. First of all, this is the ability of the nation to offer something of a quality advantage to the world market. And this is not only material products, but also knowledge, services and intellectual products.

The main feature of the modern world is that the competitiveness of man, and not the availability of mineral resources, becomes a factor in the success of the nation.

Therefore, every citizen of the Republic of Kazakhstan needs to possess a set of qualities inherent in a man of the 21st century. Undoubtedly, this includes the ability to work with computer equipment, knowledge of several foreign languages, education and culture.

Parts of our competitiveness are:

- the programs "Digital Kazakhstan",

- the program of the ability to master three languages,

- the program of cultural and confessional consent.

They prepare the people of Kazakhstan for life in the XXI century.

2. Pragmatism. The meaning of pragmatism is that it is necessary to change some habits and stereotypes of the people. There are many examples of pragmatism in our history. Throughout the centuries, our ancestors preserved a unique environmentally sound life-sustaining, saving nature and economically using the riches of their native land.

And only in the last few years unreasonable use of natural resources has led to the disappearance of the Aral Sea and the transformation of fertile lands into zones of ecological catastrophe. These are examples of a highly non-pragmatic attitude towards the environment.

Pragmatism in behavior is an adequate approach to achieving goals, gaining professional experience, a healthy lifestyle and goodwill.

Unfortunately, there are many examples in world history when a whole nation, led by a non-pragmatic ideology, was defeated. The most famous examples are fascism or communism.

3. Cult of knowledge. The state acquired tens of thousands of young and competent specialists in completely different spheres of education during the Independence of Kazakhstan. During this period, many highly developed universities and intellectual schools were created.

It is clear that the cult of education is absolutely necessary and necessary everywhere. The development of the technological revolution will soon lead to the fact that half of the known professions will disappear. Only a highly developed and educated person who is able to live, adjusting and adapting to the changing conditions of the external world will be able to fully live in such an era.

Undoubtedly, every Kazakhstani should understand that education is the key to a prosperous future and therefore the education should take the pivotal place in the list of priorities of today's youth.

4. Openness of consciousness. The modern world around us is constantly changing, and the mass consciousness remains at the same place and is not subject to changes. The simplest example is millions of Indonesians, Chinese, etc. They study the English language they need because it is the globally used language in the world.

Representatives of nations cannot be accused of disrespect for their native languages and culture, the condition of learning English is an indispensable condition for working in the global world.

The need for openness of consciousness can be explained by several reasons, including:

- the ability to adopt someone's valuable experience,

- learn from others,

- the willingness to change, and overall,

- the willingness to understand what is happening in the world around us, and what kind of changes are happening.

5. Evolutionary, not revolutionary development of Kazakhstan. The entire 20th century was marked by revolutionary strikes. Each nation has learned a valuable lesson from past history. And the lessons of the twentieth century are very dramatic in many respects.

The consequences are the zones of ecological disaster that appeared on the territory of Kazakhstan, the cultural traditions of the Kazakh people were almost lost, the irreparable damage to the Kazakh nation from the demographic point of view was inflicted.

But there were also positive moments, for example, industrialization, the creation of a new infrastructure. There was a certain modernization, but not the modernization of the nation, but the modernization of the territory.

The epoch of revolutions has passed and it is necessary to extract valuable experience from the unhappy experience of the past of our country. The presence of evolutionary development is necessary, otherwise the state can fall into a historical trap.

6. Preservation of national identity. The concept of modernization implies changes in the spiritual society. What is the danger of modernization? The fact that it is possible to move from a national modernization model to a universal, suitable for all models. It is not right. The national spirit must always be inherent in the modernization model.

Auezov's creations, Abai's wisdom, Jambul's sensual lines, the unearthly sounds of Kurmangazy's music, the immortal call of Aruah are integral part of Kazakh culture (Table 1).

Table 1. Spiritual development of the Republic of Kazakhstan

Language Policy

Changes in the field of education

Development of science

Cultural heritage

The Constitution of the Republic of Kazakhstan provides equal civil rights for representatives of all nations and nationalities living in the Republic of Kazakhstan, creating conditions for the formation of their language and national culture. The Constitution enshrines the status of the state language for the Kazakh language, and the status of the language of interethnic communication for the Russian language.

The main task of language policy is to raise the Kazakh language to the true level of the state language. This process should go simultaneously with the development of other languages of the republic. The solution of this issue is, above all, custody of the future of the Kazakh nation, the fate of other nations inhabiting the republic, an attempt to preserve friendship and unity among peoples as a pledge of the prosperity of our common homeland - the Republic of Kazakhstan.

Kazakhstan education system in is experiencing a certain crisis after 1991. As of January 1, 1993, 303 kindergartens for 154 thousand places were closed in the Republic, the number of secondary schools was declining. At the same time, the process of the emergence of non-state educational institutions (schools and higher educational institutions) began.

In 1991, schools of a new type and special secondary schools appeared: lyceum, gymnasiums, vocational schools, colleges. In 1995, Kazakhstan adopted a new Constitution, in which it announced universal compulsory free secondary education. In the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan Aboutn Education", adopted on June 7, 1999, three levels of study in general education schools were approved: primary (1-4 cells), basic (5-9 cells), upper (10-11 cells). Within the framework of the State Program "Daryn", the Republican Scientific and Practical Center "Daryn" was established, which has specialized schools and boarding schools for gifted children in 8 regions.

1991 is the beginning of a new period in the development of Kazakh science. The law "About scientific and scientific-technical policy of the Kazakhstan Republic" was adopted on January 15, 1992., the Ministry of Science and New Technologies was formed in the same year. The scientific potential of Kazakhstan consists of more than 320 research centers, regional and special institutions. 900 doctors work and 20 thousand candidates of sciences work in various branches of science. The Ministry of Science of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Kazakhstan is the flagship in this field, in the system of which 35 research in-stitutes operate. Academic research covers virtually all areas of fundamental science as a technical and humanitarian profile.

A large number of Kazakhstani scientists participate in international research projects, and are also being trained in the leading scientific centers of the United States, Great Britain, Germany, France, Turkey and other countries.

The culture of Kazakhstan is truly unique, because it represents the totality of the centuries-old spiritual experience of all peoples inhabiting the country.

Culture is distinguished by a variety of forms and genres based both on the national traditions of these peoples and on the basis of masterpieces of world classics.

There are more than fifty theaters of various genres in the country that perform performances in five languages, about thirty five entertainment organizations, several circuses, more than twenty thousand public libraries, more than ten thousand clubs, and about a hundred historical, art and literary museums.

But modernization consists in the fact that a number of separate habits still need to be left in the past.

The head of state creates a society in which everyone should be judged by his professionalism and contribution to the formation of society, and this is the most sensible decision. Such a system does not tolerate a biased attitude [4].

We would like to particularly highlight the role that the President imposes on the humanities departments of universities in the processes of modernizing public consciousness, in the formation of a new generation of Kazakhstanis. He emphasizes that a full-fledged education is impossible without the humanities departments of universities.

Unfortunately, today the teaching of the subjects of the general humanitarian cycle in universities is minimized. In most of them, the departments of the humanitarian orientation, without regard for their specifics, are united into one, under the general title "Department of Social and Humanitarian Disciplines". As a rule, under one sign are such subjects as philosophy, sociology, political science, economics, law, history, religious studies, culturology.

In accordance with the state educational standard of the university, only the philosophy from the designated disciplines is subject to a compulsory component of the study, which is reduced to a number of ordinary social and humanitarian disciplines, and its study is given only one semester. All the rest, if they are, then only nominally, only as elective, i.e. specialized departments instead of these ideological (ideological) sciences, of course, will put their own special course.

Such a state in the current international political conditions, heterogeneous processes in the religious sphere, the intensification of political and religious extremism and terrorism, in the processes of globalization are fraught with consequences. For example, the weakening in the near future of spiritual and moral foundations, the civic standpoint of the younger generation. It is the humanities who are the ones who form and develop the spiritual realm.

Today, universities must train specialists who really orient themselves in the present and future. We need specialists with deep knowledge, a good philosophical-worldview, logical-methodological tra-ining and a wide erudition in various areas of humanitarism. Creative self-realization is impossible without this. The success of our country is made up of the social success of each person. As we can see, the President points out the directions of modernization of public consciousness and our task - the humanities - is worthy of realizing them.

Summing up, we can draw the following conclusions:

1. President Nursultan Nazarbayev touched upon a very delicate problem in his message, the problem of modernizing the public consciousness of the people of Kazakhstan. The task of modernization is required for familiarization to every member of society, to each citizen of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

2. Modernization, as such, implies a change in the entrenched ways of society, but it is impossible to completely exclude the national traditions of the Kazakh people, respect for their ancestors should be peculiar to every Kazakhstani.

3. Obtaining education should be a priority desire of each self-respecting member of society. The world around us is chaotically changing, some obsolete professions are becoming a thing of the past, and one must be able to re-qualify oneself in a different profession.

4. We should protect the riches of our Motherland, received for our use. Mineral resources must be used sparingly, without damage to the territory of Kazakhstan, and without creating new zones of ecological disaster.

5. This paragraph is somewhat contrary to paragraph #2. It is necessary to get rid of the outdated stereotypes of society. Not all the habits of the past years are appropriate, times change and it is necessary to replace some outdated stereotypes with something new and relevant.

6. The process of modernization of public consciousness will not bring the desired effect, if society does not want in reality to change something in itself, in its consciousness. In this situation, it is necessary to trust the leadership to act from the Head of State, to penetrate deep into his consciousness and begin to change for the better.

RESOURCES

1. Article of the President "A glance at the future: modernization of public consciousness" // https://informburo.kz

2. Spiritual development of the Republic of Kazakhstan // http://testent.ru

3. The statement of youth about the article of N. Nazarbayev // http:// today. kz/ news/ kazahstan/2017-04-13/740099-molodezh - vyiskazalas - o- state-nazar-baeva -o- modernizatsii-obschestven-nogo - soznaniya/

4. Discussion of the article // https:// mail. kz/ ru/news/politics/obsuzhdenie-stati-vzglyad-v-budushchee-modernizaciya-obshchestvennogo-soznaniya



Table of contents: The Kazakh-American Free University Academic Journal №10 - 2018

  
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